Construction Masonry

GRANIT pielęgnacja i warunki gwarancji

MARMUR, TRAWERTYN I ONYKS konserwacja i warunki gwarancji

KONGLOMERAT KWARCOWY konserwacja i warunki gwarancji

Which stone is suitable for kitchen worktops?

You will find the answer to this question in our blog: „Which stone is suitable for kitchen worktops"?

Should stone be impregnated?

Due to its absorption, it should be impreganted. In the case of marbles, it is worth doing it every few months. With granites, you can easily wait a few years.

Which stone should I use outside ?

For the exterior elevation, it is best to use granite, sintered quartzite or lapitec. These are the most weather resistant materials. In the case of exterior staircases and flooring, granite with coarse rough surface (flamed or grained) should be used, as there is a high risk of slipping on polished surface.

Granite - what is it?

It is a comparatively frequently found plutonic igneous rock. It occurs in the form of medium or coarse - grained stone and in a wide range of colour palette: from black, red and green colours to grey, pale pink or golden ones. Granite slabs are quite easy to be obtained. Additionally, its wealth of colours and the possibility of cutting it in any possible way and of polishing it, has made it a widespread material both in the construction and in the memorial industries. Properly polished and impregnated, products made of stone will maintain their timeless beauty for many years to come.

Marble - What is it?

Unlike granite, marble is a metamorphic rock (i.e. metamorphosed from limestone or from dolomite). It is composed mainly of calcite and dolomite. Already in the Ancient Times, marble was used as a building and as an ornamental material (also to carve sculptures). Marble occurs in a variety of colours, ranging from whites, through browns, greens, greys to very dark ones (almost the black ones). However, marble is characterised by a low resistance to abrasion and to acids, hence it is not used for the exteriors in our climate conditions.

What is the difference between marble and granite?

Marble is a metamorphic rock resulting from metamorphism of dolomite rocks, while granite is an igneous rock. Consequently, they are characterised by different properties. Firstly, granite has a more consolidated texture, whereas marbles are smoother and have delicate veins. Secondly, marble is a much softer rock. Unlike granites, marbles are not acid resistant, are more frail (and as such less resistant to mechanical damages). They do not tolerate UV radiation, so they can lose their lustre with time.

Sintered materials - what are they?

It is a novelty on the Polish market. It is worth remembering these are materials which are composed from natural minerals only (for example: granite rocks, ceramic pigments, quartz sand). All these materials are ground first, then pressed and finally sintered in specially designed hybrid ovens. The methods of grinding and pressing of these materials, based on a strict formula, have an effect on their colour and their colour tone. Sintered materials are extremely resistant to high temperatures, scratches, acids, changeable weather conditions. Undoubtedly, even the most demanding clients will be able to find the most desired shade of colour. Nevertheless, sintered materials are definitely more expensive than natural rocks. The thinnest slabs are 1,2 cm thick. The problem with sintered material is that it make a „ringing” sound when you place there any object.

Lapitec - what is it?

Lapitec is a material created by a man, sintered into big slabs by means of an innovative method. Lapitec combines a diversity of aesthetic values, big sizes and durability with the properties of technical porcelain (the texture) and the ease of being treated, retaining its elegant form and colouring. Lapitec is not a porous stone and it does not absorb any liquids, which translates into its resistance to stains. Owing to its consistent structure, Lapitec is free of mould and bacterias. Its unquestionable advantage is an easy care and maintenance (with a little bit of warm water and a soft cloth). This material will sturdily defy the tooth of time due to its durability, resistance to atmospheric influences, basis, acids and various solvents. Moreover, it is a very hard material, resistant to any kind of mechanical activity and abrasion, being frost proof and insensitive to UV radiation. Incidentally, its resistance to graffiti is invaluable.

What are the advantages of using granite for kitchen worktops?

This is a perfect solution if you want to have a hard-wearing kitchen worktop for many years. Due to its durability, granite will remain unchanged for a long time. It will add a pinch of elegance and good taste to every kitchen. Since it appears an a variety of colours, everybody will be able to find something suitable for themselves. Its resistance to acids, scratches and high temperatures is a great asset of this beautiful stone. After its impregnation, all stains pose no problem any more (and it always needs to be impregnated). Its high durability performance translates into its high resistance to mechanical damage.

What should I pay particular attention to while using natural stones?

Firstly, a particular attention should be paid to how stone surface reacts to acids, like lemon, wine etc. In contact with this kind of substances, it simply gets matt. A proper impregnation is the solution to this problem as it protects the stone from getting stained. While cleaning worktops, you should be aware of what product to use. It is advisable to use specialist products dedicated to natural stones. However, it is not a necessity. The cleaning products must not contain any acids. Using window cleaning products based on alcohol might be an alternative. In that case you prevent any damage. You should avoid putting hot objects on stone, because of the possibility of its discolouration (with the exception of granite kitchen worktops, which are heat-resistant).

Which is the best cleaning product for stone flooring?

The best thing to do is to use solely the products designed for natural stones. With day-to-day care, using just clean and clear water is best. Alternatively, you can add some washing liquid. With more persistent dirt, it is worth reaching for specialist maintenance products. You should beware of using products with acid pH (especially with marbles, limestones or travertines)

Can I fit the worktops myself?

Theoretically, you can. There is such a possibility. Nevertheless, you should remember that stone is a heavy material ( 1 m2 of three - centimetre thick slab weights about 90 kilograms), so you will need three to four helpers. Accuracy and precision during taking measurements and the mounting of worktops are extremely essential. If you provide us with all dimensions - we cut worktops following your instructions - at your own responsibility. When mounting the worktops, you should be ultra careful so that the stone element will not crack.

Are there any other colours available, which are not displayed on you website?

Our collection reflects the demand on the stone market. We are constantly trying to search for new materials and to broaden our trade offer. If we do not have any specific stone that you might be looking for, send us an enquiry - we might be able to obtain it for you or to offer you something similar.

Will my granite look the same as on your website?

As the photos displayed on our website are digital pictures, they can only give you a general idea of what a particular stone might look like. No photo can catch the real beauty of natural stone. The difference might lie in the shade of colour, stone granulation or simply imperceptible nuances of the texture. For that reason, it is worth visiting us in order to see it live. Moreover, you should remember that natural stones are the creation of nature, they come from different blocks and they may differ slightly (a slight difference in the shade of colour, different structure of veins etc.).

Do you do electrical and plumbing installations?

Our Company do not render such services, we do not have the required licences. We specialise in the stone treatment and the stone mounting. We take no responsibility for activities, which are beyond our scope.

Can I scratch a marble or granite worktop during its daily use?

Both materials can be scratched. As marble is softer, it can be scratched more easily. Granite is comparatively more resistant to scratches. During its everyday use, this can be done only with a diamond. Otherwise, granite can be scratched on purpose only with a blunt tool.

Can natural stone get stained?

Indeed, it can get stained with grease or ink. It is worth mentioning, it is much more difficult to stain granite than marble, as the granite pores are smaller. The purpose of the impregnation is to decrease the absorption of a stone and to prevent it from getting stained.

Are there any special ways of stone maintenance?

Stone elements should be impregnated with specialist products used for the stone care. During everyday cleaning, you should either use clean and clear water or alcohol-based window cleaning products.

How often should I impregnate stone elements?

There is no definite answer. It depends on the material used, the intensity of its usage and its sustainability to damage and staining. Different guidelines apply in the case of shower units, kitchen worktops or tiles. As a general rule, stone should be impregnated once a year. The impregnation instructions:
Apply some specialist product on the stone two times and then wait a dozen or so minutes. Remove the excess of the applied product with a floor buffer or with a soft cloth.

What will happen if stone get stained with grease, despite being impregnated?

In the case of grease or ink staining, you should immediately remove the stain. Otherwise, the stone will absorb the dirt and the process of getting rid of the stain gets more complicated. You can remove deep stains with specialist products. However, you cannot always remove it completely.

How can I get a quick costs estimate?

First, a sketch with the approximate dimensions should be sent either via a free estimate form or to our e-mail box. In answer to your enquiry, you will receive a preliminary offer, based on the received data. The quote can be either increased or decreased after the detailed measurements are taken (depending on the amount of material used and the complexity of cuts).

Is it worth buying products from synthetic materials?

It is a matter of taste. Synthetic products are standardised, mass-produced and repetitive. Many a time, they are more expensive than natural stone, which is more valuable with regard to its aesthetic values - its depth and its varied textures, which a man is not able to achieve by producing synthetic materials. Synthetic products can appeal of those, who look for something more uniform.

Which is the best material for kitchen worktops?

Undoubtedly, granite is the best material for this purpose. Sometimes a nature quartzite is used, although when it gets wet, it takes longer to dry. Some people also fit quartz conglomerate. However, it should be remembered that despite its high resistance to stains and scratches, it does not tolerate high temperatures. Other materials that can be used for kitchen worktops are different types of sintered materials and lapitec It is not recommended to use marble fro kitchen worktops.

Is it necessary to impregnate kitchen worktops?

Unfortunately, every non-impregnated stone acts like the unpainted wood - it absorbs dirt and liquids (some discolourations might occur). That is why, stone pores have to be properly protected with specialist impregnation product. You do not have to worry about your kitchen worktops thanks to their proper impregnation.

What to do if the layout of my kitchen is a bit complicated?

If possible, kitchen worktops should be produced from one single block. On many occasions, we have managed to carry out projects of L-shaped and U-shaped worktops from one piece of slab. In those cases, the seams were located in the least visible place. The seams are filled with specially matched epoxy resin to make them unnoticeable.

Are stairs made from natural stone slippery?

As dry stone can be compared to wood or tiles as regards its adhesion, interior stone staircases pose no problem. However, in the case of the exterior staircases, whose surface is very slippery when wet, a specialist stone processing must be applied to increase its resistance to slipperiness. The most effective methods of stone finishing are: stone flaming and stone brushing, which leave the stone surface rough-textured and as such much safer when used. Nevertheless, you should make allowance for the fact that after such treatment, the colour depth of stone fades.

Is stone suitable material for the outdoor staircases?

Obviously, it is. It is not advisable to use marble for the exterior staircases. Granite, which is a durable and weather resistant material can undoubtedly be used. However, in order to increase its anti-slip properties, it is recommended to apply one of the methods of stone finishing described above (graining, brushing or flaming).

How to take care of natural stones?

For everyday care, it is enough to use warm water with a little bit of detergents. You can also use alcohol-based !!! window cleaning products . You must not used cleaning products containing any chemicals as they can damage the polished surface of stone and make it look unattractive. All kinds of stone polish or stone polishing glaze, accumulate wax, which in turn absorb dirt and dust, so you should avoid using wax in any form. Phosphates must not be used at all, either.

Every now and then (about once a year), it is worth applying specialist products (impregnants) but only those ones which have been specially designed for stones. They are available in our shop.

Do natural stones, marble in particular absorb water?

We would like to remind you that non-impregnated stone is like unpainted wood, which absorbs all kinds of liquids. Insofar as clear water will evaporate leaving no marks, real problems start in case of coloured liquids (wine,coffee, tea or juice). In order to protect stone from such substances, a specialist impregnation should be done.

What should I do if a stone element gets scratched?

With deep scratches, it might be necessary to use stone polishing machines or to fill the scratches or chips with transparent resin and to polish it. With shallow scratches, polishing paste and felt will be sufficient.

What is the most typical thickness of the window sills - 2 cm or 3 cm?

It is largely a matter of taste. The most common thickness is 3 cm. Two-centimetre thick sills can also be produced, provided that they are not too long (as there is a risk of stone cracking).

Can an electric in-floor heating system be covered with marble or granite?

It is even highly recommended. Stone absorbs warmth and then gives it off. Such system is energy-saving. In the case of electric underfloor heating system, stone should be fitted by means of special glues solely used for this purpose. You should also remember about leaving narrow grouted joints between stone (when warmed, the stone is moving, causing thermal expansion).

What to do if a window sill chips away?

You can either glue the chipped piece with specially matched epoxy resin and polish it or to polish the dent.

Is it permitted to stand on a window sill?

Only, if it has been properly mounted and if the window sill does not protrude more than 40%.

Can I place flower pots with plants on a stone window sill?

Yes, you can do this. However, it is advisable to use flower pot saucers to prevent the penetration of dirty water and possible damp patches.

Do I have to buy the whole slab to have worktops produced?

There is no need to do this. With regard to most of our materials, we only charge our Customers for the amount of stone actually used to produce worktops, according to the dimensions taken - worktop remnants are our responsibility. Quartz conglomerates, other than the white ones are an exception - owing to the fact that coloured conglomerates are not in heat demand, we have to charge for the whole slab.

What about cutting sink and cooktops openings?

Since we work with the latest, state-of-the art machinery park, cutting opening for any kind of sinks: countertop, over-mount, drop-in or suspended sinks. (when a sink is mounted under the countertop, the rims are concealed by stone). However, the sinks are to be delivered to us, so that we can cut the opening of the right size. Our worktops are additionally reinforced in places particularly susceptible to cracking - sinks openings.

Can I slice and cut products on my granite worktop?

Yes, you can but you should avoid using the point of the knife - you can only cut products with its edge. When tenderising or chopping food, you have to do this far from any openings and to use wooden kitchen utensils only.

Can a granite worktop be damaged?

Granite can be chipped when hit with hard and sharp tools.

Can I place hot pots and pans on stone worktops?

Yes, you can. Stone is heat resistant up to 600 C, so there is nothing to worry about.

Stones have a porous structure. Will pores be visible on my worktop surface?

Crystal structure is an intrinsic property of stone. It is natural for stones to have small pores, spaces between veins (with marble) or crystals (with granite). Obviously, on large surfaces they are almost invisible. Stone slabs can have grains - it is their natural feature resulting from a very high pressure and temperatures they were exposed to during their formation processes. However, it does not decrease the functionality and the durability of these materials. Just the opposite. After all, it is the creation of nature.

Can marble be used for flooring and staircases?

It can be used but only indoors. In our climatic conditions, due to the exposure of marble to varied atmospheric conditions, it will slowly be undergoing changes in its character and will be deteriorating.

Are semi-circular worktops manufactured? Is it possible to cut out openings in such a worktop?

Yes, we do arch cutting and cut out openings in countertops, to meet our Customers’ needs.

Can marble fireplace surrounds get cracked?

There is no reason to fear, if there were professionally manufactured and mounted.

Can conglomerate be used for kitchen worktops?

If ever, only the quartz conglomerate can be used. As it is not heat resistant, you cannot place there any hot pots and pans, otherwise it can get discoloured. So, you can only opt for conglomerate worktops at your own risk.

What would happen with my stone kitchen worktop if I dropped a glass or a plate there?

Nothing would happen with the worktop. However, it does not make any sense to break your own crockery.

I am in the process of designing my own kitchen and I am planning to have the granite worktop fitted. Is it necessary to reinforce kitchen cabinets?

No, it is not necessary. It is recommended to have a built-in kitchen furniture.

Can you produce thicker worktops e.g. 6 cm thick without visible seams?

Yes, we can. We do not have slabs of such thickness. However, we can suggest a much cheaper solution - applying so called bonded elements. You make the worktop thicker by joining two stone elements at the angle of 45 applying polyester resins on the edge of the worktop to make it invisible. It looks like one block of stone. When choosing this method to make your worktop thicker, you should remember to adjust kitchen cabinet doors accordingly.

Can flooring be mounted without using flooring grout?

Yes, it can. However, in that case you do not bevel tiles. It is worth remembering that the joints will be slightly visible. In the case of groutless flooring, you cannot fit an electric in-floor heating system as heated stone gets bigger and for that reason grout is indispensable.

How to mount window sills?

They are usually mounted on the white elastic adhesive mortar (light sills made of marble or conglomerate) and the grey adhesive (granite and dark marbles) or on mounting foam with high dimensional stability.

What is the ideal distance between the edge of a worktop and of the openings in the worktop?

Minimum 5 cm. In that case, it is necessary to „strengthen” the worktop, which is not a problem as we always reinforce countertops.

Memorial Masonry

Which is a better material for headstones/tombs: granite or marble?

Only granite is suitable. It is much harder and much more resistant to changing weather conditions, typical of our climate. Marble is not used outdoors as it will be deteriorating with time.

What documents are required in order to sign the contract for purchasing a headstone/a tomb?

You should bring your ID, personal data of the deceased person (first name, surname, the date of birth and the date of death). We should also have the information regarding the number of the burial plot and the address of the cemetery. An advance of 30% of the total amount stated in the contract, shall be payable when signing the contract. Two methods of payment are acceptable: either payment in cash or payment via bank transfer within three days of signing the contract. If the advance is not paid, the contract is considered to be null and void.

Is it possible to pay for a headstone/a tomb by instalments?

We are open to negotiations.

Why is Polish granite half as expensive as the imported stone?

It has nothing to do with its quality. Granite is quarried in Strzegom, Zimnik, Strzelin or Strzeblów. All coloured variations come from different corners of the world like: Scandinavia, North and South, Asia or Africa. When we buy granite in Poland, we are exempted from paying huge transportation costs, customs and tax charges. Moreover, the internal pricing policies on foreign markets, which often favour domestic producers, have a substantial effect on final prices . Additionally, the prices of Polish granite are not affected by fluctuating exchange rates of Polish zloty to an American dollar or an euro (the currencies in which we settle our accounts with the suppliers).

Do you install headstone/tombs in other parts of Poland?

Unfortunately, we do not. We can at least sell ready elements to be mounted. The transportation and the installation has to be performed by someone else.

Are installation charges the same in all cemeteries?. Do Customers have to arrange all the installation permits by themselves?

A customer has to buy a burial plot by themselves. Cemeteries often charge for the entry to the cemetery and this cost is incurred by a Customer. We can take care of all the formalities but we need to have an authorisation from the Customer. We cover all the charges and then we our reimbursed by the Customer.

Which inscriptions techniques are better: engraved or sandblasted fonts?

Engraved letters are handmade. They are engraved deep into the stone. Sandblasted fonts are made as a result of applying high pressure of sand onto the surface by using pressure sandblaster.

Do inscriptions placed on memorial plaques tend „to disappear” during the rain?

Every raw stone is of whitish-grey colour. Its colour and texture are brought out during the process of polishing. Engraved or sandblasted letters remove the polished surface (shiny part) to show the unpolished stone beneath. As water always darkens a natural stone, letters become darker and less visible. However, having dried, stone gets back to its previous appearance. To prevent inscriptions from fading, the letters can be gilted or silvered. Another way is to impregnate them with a professional impregnant.

Does a headstone/a tomb tend to tilt after another burial?

There is no such possibility. We reinforce the foundation, which will prevent headstone/gravestone from being lifted as a result of frost and from being tilted after subsequent burials.

Will the foundation withstand heavy weight?

All of the materials we use to construct foundations are of prime quality. We do not use any by-products or bad quality materials, so the foundations built by us are very durable.

Do you build gravestone vaults?

Yes, we do. Both for one and more coffins. Our vaults are characterised by low seepage and high durability.

Do you also build headstone/tombs in accordance with the design supplied by a Customer?

Certainly, we can either use ready-made designs or modify them or use the design provided by a Customer.

Do you come to a cemetery to take the measurements of a headstone/a tomb?

We come to a cemetery and take all the measurements. Moreover, we prepare a project and provide our Customers with aesthetic and practical solutions.

Can I supervise the construction of a headstone/a tomb?

There is no such a need. We are a solid and a responsible company. We provide complex services solutions and we keep our Customers up to date on the progress being made.

Why do stone vases get cracked in winter?

Stone vases sometimes get cracked. We created our own design of a stone vase, which is resistant to cracking.

There are tiny holes and small cracks on the surface of my gravestone. Is this a natural phenomenon or the defect of the stone?

The crystal structure of any stone is its inherent property. It comes as no surprise that stone is characterised by small pores - spaces between veins in the case of marble and between grains in the case of granite. On larger surfaces they are almost invisible - as smooth as a mirror. Stone slabs can also have small fissures, which is natural and which results from a very high pressure and temperatures stone was exposed to, during its formation processes. However, it does not decrease the functionality and the durability of these materials. Just the opposite. After all, it is the creation of nature.